Decrease in carbon and hydrogen percentage results in decrease in gross calorific value of coal from 4578 to 2751 kcal/kg, fixed carbon content from 35.6% to 19.9%, with an increase in ash percentage from 29.2% to 46.6%.
Which content in coal is responsible for calorific value?
Sinjai coal: moisture content: 10.09%, ash: 52.41%, volatile matter: 23.54%, fixed carbon: 13.96%, carbon content: 24.37%, sulfur content: 0.272% and calorific value: 3941.21 cal/gram.
How can you increase the calorific value of coal?
The simplest way to increase the calorific value of coal sludge and floatation tailings is to lower their water and ash contents. The humidity of fine coal waste from current production is largely in uenced by the applied dewatering installations, where the filtration presses proved the most effective.
Which coal has highest calorific value?
What are the types of coal?
- Anthracite: The highest rank of coal. …
- Bituminous: Bituminous coal is a middle rank coal between subbituminous and anthracite. …
- Subbituminous: Subbituminous coal is black in color and dull (not shiny), and has a higher heating value than lignite.
Which fuel has low calorific value?
Combustion characteristics of two different gaseous fuels (a low calorific value fuel and methane fuel) have been examined using high temperature and low oxygen concentration combustion air.
Does coal ash contain mercury?
Coal contains trace levels of trace elements (such as arsenic, barium, beryllium, boron, cadmium, chromium, thallium, selenium, molybdenum and mercury), many of which are highly toxic to humans and other life.
What is the ash content of coal?
Ash is the non-combustible residue formed from the inorganic or mineral components of the coal. Coals of worst quality that are burned commercially in the United States produce about 28% ash, but elsewhere in the world coals of up to 40% ash are in use.
Why should an ideal fuel have low ash content?
A fuel should have low content of non-combustible matter in the form of ash or clinker. Since the presence of on-combustible matter will enhance the cost of storage, handling and disposal of waste. The combustion of fuel should be controllable so that it can be started or stopped.
What are the 4 grades of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite.
Which type of coal is best for fuel?
The ranks of coal (from most to least carbon content) are as follows: anthracite, bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, and lignite. The coal with the highest carbon content is the best and cleanest type of coal to use.
Why is brown coal bad?
Because of its low energy density and typically high moisture content, brown coal is inefficient to transport and is not traded extensively on the world market compared with higher coal grades.
Which fuel has highest calorific value?
Which is the cleanest fuel?
What is calorific value of diesel?
The calorific value of diesel fuel is roughly 45.5 MJ/kg (megajoules per kilogram), slightly lower than petrol which is 45.8 MJ/kg. However, diesel fuel is denser than petrol and contains about 15% more energy by volume (roughly 36.9 MJ/litre compared to 33.7 MJ/litre).