Coal is formed when dead plant matter decays into peat and is converted into coal by the heat and pressure of deep burial over millions of years. … Some iron and steel making and other industrial processes burn coal. The extraction and use of coal causes many premature deaths and much illness.
What are the 4 stages of coal formation?
There are four stages in coal formation: peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite.
How was coal formed short answer?
Coal formed millions of years ago when the earth was covered with huge swampy forests where plants – giant ferns, reeds and mosses – grew. … Heat and pressure produced chemical and physical changes in the plant layers which forced out oxygen and left rich carbon deposits.
What is coal and how do we use it?
Coal as an energy source
Coal is a major source of energy in the production of electrical power using steam generation. In addition, gasification and liquefaction of coal produce gaseous and liquid fuels that can be easily transported (e.g., by pipeline) and conveniently stored in tanks.
What is the formula for coal?
Coal is divided into four classes: anthracite, bituminous, sub-bituminous, and lignite. Elemental analysis gives empirical formulas such as C137H97O9NS for bituminous coal and C240H90O4NS for high-grade anthracite. Anthracite coal is a dense, hard rock with a jet-black color and a metallic luster.
Is Coal still being formed?
The process of coal formation is still taking place today, says Bailey. “The precursor to coal is called peat, and that is just uncompressed plant matter.” Peat accumulates in wet swampy environments known as mires, and that process is taking place today in areas such as Indonesia and even the Antiplano in the Andes.
How is coal formed naturally?
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. … Coal is formed when dead plant matter decays into peat and is converted into coal by the heat and pressure of deep burial over millions of years.
What are the 4 types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite.
What is Coal short answer?
Coal is a hard rock which can be burned as a solid fossil fuel. It is mostly carbon but also contains hydrogen, sulphur, oxygen and nitrogen. It is a sedimentary rock formed from peat, by the pressure of rocks laid down later on top. … Also wood heated in an airless space can make charcoal, which is like coal.
For what is coal used?
Coal is primarily used as fuel to generate electric power in the United States. The coal is burned and the heat given off is used to convert water into steam, which drives a turbine.
How often is coal used?
CONVERTING COAL INTO ELECTRICITY
Nine out of every 10 tons of coal mined in the United States today are used to make electricity, and nearly half of the electricity used in this country is coal-generated electricity.
What are the pros and cons of coal?
Advantages of Coal as Power Plant Fuel
- Reliability. One of the greatest advantages of coal fired plants is reliability. …
- Affordability. …
- Abundance. …
- Known technologies. …
- Safety. …
- Greenhouse gas emissions. …
- Mining destruction. …
- Generation of millions of tons of waste.
Why is coal still used today?
In a world where carbon emissions are not taxed, coal is a very inexpensive and efficient way to generate electricity. Coal is also one of the most abundant energy sources in the entire world, and it’s relatively efficient for generating electricity. … Most of the coal we export is used for steel production.
Which is the best type of coal?
What are the types of coal?
- Anthracite: The highest rank of coal. …
- Bituminous: Bituminous coal is a middle rank coal between subbituminous and anthracite. …
- Subbituminous: Subbituminous coal is black in color and dull (not shiny), and has a higher heating value than lignite.
Why Coal is a dirty fuel?
Coal is known for being a dirty fuel, not just because of its high carbon content compared with other fossil fuels but also because it contains a large amount of toxic heavy metals and other chemicals. … Others harmful materials remain as excess waste when the coal is burned.