Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements; chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen.
What is the constituent of coal?
(Sustainable Energy Strategy, 1995) Page 2 114 CHAPTER 7 Coal is an organic rock (as opposed to most other rocks in the earth’s crust, such as clays and sandstone, which are inorganic); it contains mostly carbon (C), but it also has hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), sulfur (S) and nitrogen (N), as well as some inorganic …
What is the main constituent of coal gas *?
Coal gas contains methane, carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Since all the three are combustible, coal gas is a good fuel with a high calorific value.
What is the use of coal?
Coal is primarily used as fuel to generate electric power in the United States. The coal is burned and the heat given off is used to convert water into steam, which drives a turbine.
What is phenomenon of formation of coal called?
Explanation: The phenomenon by which the buried vegetation consisting wood, grass, shrubs etc, transformed into coal is known as metamorphism. The nature of coal will depend upon the type of vegetation buried and nature and duration of metamorphism.
What are 4 types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
Is Coal still being formed?
The process of coal formation is still taking place today, says Bailey. “The precursor to coal is called peat, and that is just uncompressed plant matter.” Peat accumulates in wet swampy environments known as mires, and that process is taking place today in areas such as Indonesia and even the Antiplano in the Andes.
Which is called soft coal?
Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt. It is of higher quality than lignite coal but of poorer quality than anthracite. Formation is usually the result of high pressure being exerted on lignite.
What happens when coal is heated in air?
If coal is heated in the presence of air,then coal burns to produce mainly carbon dioxide gas and no other useful products were obtained. It is a gaseous fuel which is obtained by the strong heating of coal in the absence of air during the processing of coal to get coke.
Which gas is main constituent of LPG?
LPG is composed hydrocarbons containing three or four carbon atoms. The normal components of LPG thus, are propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10). Small concentrations of other hydrocarbons may also be present. LPG burns readily in air and has an energy content similar to petrol and twice the heat energy of natural gas.
Where is coal mostly used?
Coal is used primarily in the United States to generate electricity. In fact, it is burned in power plants to produce more than half of the electricity we use. A stove uses about half a ton of coal a year. A water heater uses about two tons of coal a year.
What are 3 advantages of coal?
Here Are the Advantages of Coal
- It is available in an abundant supply. …
- It has a high load factor. …
- Coal offers a rather low capital investment. …
- Carbon capture and storage technologies can reduce potential emissions. …
- It can be converted into different formats. …
- Coal can be used with renewables to reduce emissions.
Why is coal bad for the environment?
The burning of fossil fuels releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, increasing levels of CO2 and other gasses, trapping heat, and contributing to global climate change. … Coal-fired power plants release more greenhouse gases per unit of energy produced than any other electricity source (1).
What type of rock is coal?
Coal is a combustible sedimentary rock formed from ancient vegetation which has been consolidated between other rock strata and transformed by the combined effects of microbial action, pressure and heat over a considerable time period. This process is commonly called ‘coalification’.
How is coal formed in nature?
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. … Coal is formed when dead plant matter decays into peat and is converted into coal by the heat and pressure of deep burial over millions of years.
Why coal is not commonly used?
Originally Answered: Why do you think coal is not commonly used? Coal is commonly used but its use is decreasing. Coal is very dirty and also leaves behind difficult to dispose of material. Natural gas is much cheaper, easer to modulate (peaker plants), and is more environmentally friendly.