Coal tar: It is obtained as a by-product in the process of making coke. Though its colour is the same as coke, tar is a highly viscous liquid. It also has an extremely unpleasant smell. … Coal tar is widely used to manufacture paints, perfumes, synthetic dyes, photographic material, drugs and explosives.
What is coal tar What are its uses?
This medication is used on the skin to treat the itching, scaling, and flaking due to skin conditions such as psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis. Coal tar belongs to a class of drugs known as keratoplastics. It works by causing the skin to shed dead cells from its top layer and slow down the growth of skin cells.
How Coal tar is obtained?
Coal tar is obtained by cooling the gas that is formed during the destructive distillation of coal to approximately ambient temperature. It is a black, viscous liquid composed primarily of a complex mixture of condensed-ring aromatic hydrocarbons.
How is coal gas obtained list its uses?
The most significant uses of coal are in electricity generation, steel production, cement manufacturing and as a liquid fuel. … Steam coal – also known as thermal coal – is mainly used in power generation. Coking coal – also known as metallurgical coal – is mainly used in steel production.
What is coal tar What are its uses Class 8?
Coal tar. It is a black, thick liquid with unpleasant smell. … Products obtained from coal tar are used as starting materials for manufacturing various substances used in everyday life and in industry, like synthetic dyes, drugs, explosives, perfumes, plastics, paints, photographic materials, roofing materials, etc.
What are the side effects of coal tar?
Coal Tar Cream Side Effects by Likelihood and Severity
- A Skin Rash.
- Inflammation Of A Hair Follicle.
- Skin Inflammation Due To A Topically Applied Medication.
- Skin Irritation.
Is coal tar bad for your skin?
Tar can stay on your skin for 24 hours or longer, and your chances of sun damage go up during that time. If you have blond or other light-colored hair, shampoo with coal tar could make it darker. Treatments with coal tar also can stain clothes or skin. Some people don’t like the way coal tar shampoos smell.
Is coke obtained from coal tar?
Coal tar: It is obtained as a by-product in the process of making coke. Though its colour is the same as coke, tar is a highly viscous liquid.
Is coke obtained from coal?
By distilling bituminous coal in retorts to obtain gas for illumination, or by burning it in kilns or pits, the residue left behind is called coke, which is simply coal charcoal, and is nearly pure carbon.
Is coal tar an antifungal?
Coal tar is used in medicated shampoo, soap and ointment. It demonstrates antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-itch, and antiparasitic properties. It may be applied topically as a treatment for dandruff and psoriasis, and to kill and repel head lice.
What is Coke and its uses?
Coke is a grey, hard, and porous fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities, made by heating coal or oil in the absence of air—a destructive distillation process. It is an important industrial product, used mainly in iron ore smelting, but also as a fuel in stoves and forges when air pollution is a concern.
Is coal gas still used?
Coal gas is combustible and was used for heating and municipal lighting, before the advent of large-scale extraction of natural gas from oil wells. In current practice, large-scale coal gasification installations are primarily for electricity generation, or for production of chemical feedstocks.
Why is coal gas poisonous?
Poisoning from natural gas appliances is only due to incomplete combustion, which creates CO, and flue leaks to living accommodation.
What are the 3 types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
Why Coke is not used as fuel?
The term means a product similar to coal and mined the same way. Coal is cheaper and that is why it is used more often. … Coke is cleaner and other methods should be looked into before coal and oil run out.
Where is Coke used?
Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. The carbon monoxide produced by its combustion reduces iron oxide (hematite) to the iron product. Although coke is more expensive than coal, it can be used in households as a clean fuel, relatively free of smoke and impurities.