Coal seam gas is held in place by water pressure. To extract it, wells are drilled through the coal seams and the water pressure is reduced by extracting some of the water. This releases natural gas from the coal. … In some cases hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’, is used to extract coal seam gas.
How is coal seam gas formed?
Coal seam gas (CSG) is primarily methane – a colourless and odourless gas, found in coal deposits formed over millions of years from fallen trees and other plant matter. Natural gas collects in underground coal seams by bonding to the surface of coal particles.
Is coal seam gas the same as fracking?
Coal seam gas (CSG) and the gas that comes from shales are chemically very similar. They generate the same amount of heat and CO₂ when burned in your heater or at an electricity power plant. … Shale reservoirs always require fracking, while perhaps only half of coal seam gas reservoirs require fracture stimulation.
Is coal seam gas good or bad?
Coal seam gas is bad for the environment and we should all protest against its use. Genetically modified foods are a part of multinational plans to take over the world’s food supply. Wind farms are dangerous to human health and should be restricted.
What is coal seam gas used for?
CSG is natural gas (methane) which is sourced from underground coal formations, sometimes known as coal bed methane (See Figure 1). CSG is increasingly being used to supply gas to eastern Australia. In conventional gas fields, the gas exists in permeable sandstone reservoirs.
Is coal seam gas renewable?
Coal seam gas is a non-renewable energy resource that is a by-product of coal. It is a ‘pure’ and ‘non-toxic’ gas and for this reason has attracted a lot of commercial interest. During the process of coal formation, biogenic and thermogenic methane gas forms.7 мая 2012 г.
What is a seam of coal?
: a bed of coal usually thick enough to be profitably mined.
What does fracking mean?
Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well.
How is gas mined?
The process involves high pressured injection of sand, water and chemicals into the coal seam gas well. The injection causes fractures in the coal seam allowing the gas to flow to the surface of the well. … Fracking has been used in coal seam gas operations in both Queensland and New South Wales.
Is CSG a fossil fuel?
It is the most abundant fossil fuel, both in Australia and globally. Australia has the world’s fourth-largest coal reserves.
Why fracking is bad?
Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” is revolutionizing oil and gas drilling across the country. However, without rigorous safety regulations, it can poison groundwater, pollute surface water, impair wild landscapes, and threaten wildlife.
Why is gas bad for the environment?
Gasoline use contributes to air pollution
The vapors given off when gasoline evaporates and the substances produced when gasoline is burned (carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, and unburned hydrocarbons) contribute to air pollution. Burning gasoline also produces carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas.
What is meant by shale gas?
Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas (see Fig. 1.4). Shale gas is trapped within the pores of this sedimentary rock.
Where is coal seam gas found?
Coal seam gas is natural gas found in coal deposits, typically 300-600 metres underground. During the formation of coal, large quantities of gas are generated and stored within the coal on internal surfaces.
How is natural gas extraction?
Natural gas is most commonly extracted by drilling vertically from the Earth’s surface. From a single vertical drill, the well is limited to the gas reserves it encounters.