Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. The carbon monoxide produced by its combustion reduces iron oxide (hematite) in the production of the iron product. Coke is commonly used as fuel for blacksmithing.
Why do we use coke in blast furnace?
Metallurgical coke, along with iron ore and limestone, is layered into a blast furnace to convert the iron ore to metallic iron. Coke, which is mostly carbon, reacts with the blast air to produce carbon monoxide, which, in turn, reacts with the iron oxide to produce carbon dioxide and metallic iron.
What is the blast furnace used for?
Blast furnaces are used to produce pig iron from iron ore for subsequent processing into steel, and they are also employed in processing lead, copper, and other metals. Rapid combustion is maintained by the current of air under pressure. A zinc-lead blast furnace and lead-splash condenser. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Why are coke and limestone added to the blast furnace?
Limestone is also used to remove impurities from the blast furnace when making iron. The impurities are mostly silicon dioxide (also known as sand). The calcium carbonate in the limestone reacts with the silicon dioxide to form calcium silicate (also known as slag).
Why is Coke used in the extraction of iron?
Step 1 – Hot air (oxygen) reacts with the coke (carbon) to produce carbon dioxide and heat energy to heat up the furnace. Step 2 – More coke is added to the furnace and reduces the carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide, a good reducing agent. Step 3 – iron(III) oxide is reduced.
Which is a better fuel coal or coke?
Coke is a better fuel than coal because; -Coke produces more heat on burning than coal. … When equal masses of coke and coal are burnt, coke produces more heat. -When coke is burnt smoke is not obtained.
Why Coke is not used as a fuel?
The term means a product similar to coal and mined the same way. Coal is cheaper and that is why it is used more often. … Coke is cleaner and other methods should be looked into before coal and oil run out.
Is blast furnace slag toxic?
When SSRS compares with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) from iron making, steel slag contains toxic ingredients such as nickel, cadmium, chromium and strontium. These compounds could be harmful not only for environment but also for human health [9,10].
What fuel is used in blast furnace?
The iron blast furnace uses carbon as a fuel to meet the energy requirements of the process as well as a reducing agent for smelting the iron ore to pig iron. The most widespread form of carbon used for this purpose is metallurgical coke.
Why is it called a blast furnace?
The furnace gets its name from the method that is used to heat it. Pre-heated air at about 1000oC is blasted into the furnace through nozzles near its base. … The hot air blast to the furnace burns the coke and maintains the very high temperatures that are needed to reduce the ore to iron.
Are blast furnaces in Java?
A blast furnace is used to smelt items in the game, similar to a furnace. However, a blast furnace smelts twice as fast as a furnace!
Supported Platforms.PlatformSupported (Version*)Java Edition (PC/Mac)Yes (1.14)Pocket Edition (PE)Yes (1.11.0)Xbox 360NoXbox OneYes (1.11.0)Ещё 6 строк
What is the difference between coal and coke?
What is the difference between coal and coke fuel? Coal is a shiny, black fossil fuel that contains impurities, emits smoke when burned, and produces less heat than coke. Coke is a dull, black byproduct of coal that burns hotter and cleaner.
What raw materials are put into a blast furnace?
The blast furnace is a huge, steel stack lined with refractory brick, where iron ore, coke and limestone are dumped into the top, and preheated air is blown into the bottom. The raw materials require 6 to 8 hours to descend to the bottom of the furnace where they become the final product of liquid slag and liquid iron.
Which is used in metal extraction?
Carbon can be used to extract metals from some metal oxides. A metal can either be reduced or oxidised in a reaction. Reduction occurs when a metal in a compound loses oxygen, to form the elemental metal. Oxidation occurs when a metal (or carbon) gains oxygen, to form an oxide compound.
Why Aluminium is more expensive than iron?
Aluminium is more reactive than carbon so it must be extracted from its compounds using electrolysis . Even though aluminium is more abundant than iron in the Earth’s crust , aluminium is more expensive than iron. This is mainly because of the large amounts of electrical energy used in the extraction process.
Can we make steel without coal?
The key message is this: it is possible to create low-emissions steel, without metallurgical coal. … Not to mention what products we can produce from the steel – adding value in many more ways than just exporting ore – and taking advantage of an increasing consumer demand for low carbon products.