Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. The carbon monoxide produced by its combustion reduces iron oxide (hematite) in the production of the iron product.
What is the blast furnace used for?
Blast furnaces are used to produce pig iron from iron ore for subsequent processing into steel, and they are also employed in processing lead, copper, and other metals. Rapid combustion is maintained by the current of air under pressure. A zinc-lead blast furnace and lead-splash condenser. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
What is a coke oven used for?
Generally, the coke ovens found in the Cumberland region were used to convert the bituminous coal mined in the local mountains into industrial coke, a relatively clean-burning fuel used in the smelting of iron ore.
What is coke rate in blast furnace?
Coke rate is the parameter for the consumption of BF coke which is measured in kilograms of BF coke consumed per ton of hot metal produced. Blast furnace (BF) coke is a key material for BF ironmaking, acting as a major energy source (fuel), a reductant, a carburization agent and a permeable structural support.
What role does coke play in the production of iron from ore?
Coke is used as a fuel and a reducing agent in melting iron ore. It is produced by baking coal until it becomes carbon by burning off impurities without burning up the coal itself. When coke is consumed it generates intense heat but little smoke, making it ideal for smelting iron and steel.
What fuel is used in blast furnace?
The iron blast furnace uses carbon as a fuel to meet the energy requirements of the process as well as a reducing agent for smelting the iron ore to pig iron. The most widespread form of carbon used for this purpose is metallurgical coke.
Is blast furnace slag toxic?
When SSRS compares with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) from iron making, steel slag contains toxic ingredients such as nickel, cadmium, chromium and strontium. These compounds could be harmful not only for environment but also for human health [9,10].
Why Coke is not used as a fuel?
The term means a product similar to coal and mined the same way. Coal is cheaper and that is why it is used more often. … Coke is cleaner and other methods should be looked into before coal and oil run out.
Is Coke a fossil fuel?
Coal gas, coke and producer gas are the byproducts of coal and are not fossil fuels, except natural gas which is a fossil fuel.
What is Coke vs coal?
By distilling bituminous coal in retorts to obtain gas for illumination, or by burning it in kilns or pits, the residue left behind is called coke, which is simply coal charcoal, and is nearly pure carbon.
What is Saleable steel?
SALEABLE STEEL: The term is used to designate various types of solid steel products, which are sold to outside customers for further processing or for direct use/consumption. Therefore, it includes ingots and/or semis and/or finished steel products. (Liquid steel is normally not traded).
What is the meaning of coke?
distilled to dryness
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Which is a better fuel coal or coke?
Coke is a better fuel than coal because; -Coke produces more heat on burning than coal. … When equal masses of coke and coal are burnt, coke produces more heat. -When coke is burnt smoke is not obtained.
What is hard coke?
Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. … The carbon monoxide produced by its combustion reduces iron oxide (hematite) in the production of the iron product.
Can steel be produced without coal?
Now, nearly all new steel globally is produced using iron oxide and coking coal. Coking coal is usually bituminous-rank coal with special qualities that are needed in the blast furnace. While an increasing amount of steel is being recycled, there is currently no technology to make steel at scale without using coal.