Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements; chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen.
Is coal a mineral resource?
Coal also contains minerals, which mostly occur as inorganic crystalline and noncrystalline particles or masses. A coal seam may consist of as much as 50 percent minerals.
What is mineral matter coal?
Abstract. The material described as “mineral matter” in coal encompasses dissolved salts in the pore water and inorganic elements associated with the organic compounds, as well as discrete crystalline and non-crystalline mineral particles.
What is Coal made of?
Coal is formed when dead plant matter submerged in swamp environments is subjected to the geological forces of heat and pressure over hundreds of millions of years. Over time, the plant matter transforms from moist, low-carbon peat, to coal, an energy- and carbon-dense black or brownish-black sedimentary rock.
Can you find gold in coal?
Gold occurs as palaeoplacers and in hydrothermal deposits. Gold occurrences reflect rapid erosion of the mineralized orogeny and young provenance of sediment in the coal basins. The disposition of the Variscan Orogen through equatorial latitudes made coal an exceptional reservoir for gold.
Is coal a mineral and why?
Coal is not a mineral, because it can not be expressed as a chemical formula, and therefore, does not have a definate crystaline structure. Coal is predominately carbon. … The carbon content of coal ranges from 40% for low ranked coal (lignite) to about 98% for Anthracite Coal.
What are 4 types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
What is the mineral coal used for?
Coal is primarily used as fuel to generate electric power in the United States. The coal is burned and the heat given off is used to convert water into steam, which drives a turbine.
Is coal a mineral yes or no?
What’s the deal with coal? It’s classified as an organic sedimentary rock, but rocks are combinations of minerals, and minerals are inorganic. … So yes, coal is classified as an organic sedimentary rock, and yes, rocks are supposed to be made of minerals and minerals can’t be organic.
Is Coal still being formed?
The process of coal formation is still taking place today, says Bailey. “The precursor to coal is called peat, and that is just uncompressed plant matter.” Peat accumulates in wet swampy environments known as mires, and that process is taking place today in areas such as Indonesia and even the Antiplano in the Andes.
Why is coal bad for you?
Emissions from burning coal
Nitrogen oxides (NOx), which contribute to smog and respiratory illnesses. Particulates, which contribute to smog, haze, and respiratory illnesses and lung disease. Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is the primary greenhouse gas produced from burning fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas)
What are the disadvantages of coal?
The major disadvantage of coal is its negative impact on the environment. Coal-burning energy plants are a major source of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to carbon monoxide and heavy metals like mercury, the use of coal releases sulfur dioxide, a harmful substance linked to acid rain.
How dangerous is coal mining?
Working in coal mines is dangerous — miners have to deal with toxic gases, plus the threat of being crushed, drowned, or injured from fires and explosions.
Where is the coal found?
The largest coal reserves are in the United States, Russia, China, Australia, and India. In the United States, coal is mined in 25 states and three major regions. In the Western Coal Region, Wyoming is the top producer—about 40% of the coal mined in the country is extracted in the state.
How deep are coal mine shafts?
Coal that occurs at depths of 55 to 90 m (180 to 300 ft) are usually deep mined, but in some cases surface mining techniques can be used. For example, some western U.S. coal that occur at depths in excess of 60 m (200 ft) are mined by the open pit methods, due to thickness of the seam 20–25 metres (60–90 feet).