Thermal coal, also called steaming coal, has a lower energy content and higher moisture and is used to generate electricity. Metallurgical or coking coal has a higher energy content and lower moisture and is used to make iron, steel and other metals.
What is the difference between coking coal and non coking coal?
A non-caking coal is that coal which on heating in absence of air doesn’t from a coherent mass of residue. … A coking coal is that coal which on heating in absence of air leaves a solid residue. A non-coking coal also leaves a solid coherent residue which may not possess the physical & chemical properties of the coke.
What is thermal coal?
Thermal coal, as the name implies, is used in energy generation for heating, but it is also used for cement manufacturing and other industrial purposes. Metallurgical coal is primarily mixed with iron ore to produce iron and steel.
Is there an alternative to coking coal?
This one is obvious – renewables! Blast furnaces need coal, but there is an alternative technology called an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). This is responsible for approximately 30% of the world’s steel production and does not require coal.
What is CSN in coking coal?
7. Crucible Swelling Number (CSN): The range of CSN in coking coal is 3 of a minimum to a maximum 6. Prime coking coal has high CSN value while soft coking coal has low CSN value. 8. Maximum Dilatation: The value of maximum dilatation is 55% minimum.
What are the 4 grades of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite.
What is the best grade of coal?
The four ranks are: Anthracite: The highest rank of coal. It is a hard, brittle, and black lustrous coal, often referred to as hard coal, containing a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of volatile matter. Bituminous: Bituminous coal is a middle rank coal between subbituminous and anthracite.
Which country has the cleanest coal?
What is the cleanest coal?
Who is the biggest exporter of coal?
Searchable List of All Coal Exporting Countries in 2019RankExporter2018-91.Australia-5.9%2.Indonesia+4.1%3.Russia-6.1%4.United States-19.2%Ещё 6 строк
Why is Coke used instead of coal?
Since smoke-producing constituents are driven off during the coking of coal, coke forms a desirable fuel for stoves and furnaces in which conditions are not suitable for the complete burning of bituminous coal itself. Coke may be combusted producing little or no smoke, while bituminous coal would produce much smoke.
Which country has the best coal?
Does Coke burn hotter than coal?
Coal is a shiny, black fossil fuel that contains impurities, emits smoke when burned, and produces less heat than coke. Coke is a dull, black byproduct of coal that burns hotter and cleaner. … However, blacksmiths still rely on coke as an efficient source of fuel for the forge.
What is m40 in Coke?
The coke is characterized in terms of quality indices M40 and M10. Index M40 is the expression as a percentage of the fraction greater than 40 mm that is left in the drum. M10 index is the percentage fraction less than 10 mm from the test resulting.
What is PCI coal used for?
Pulverised Coal Injection coal (PCI) – coal used for its heat value and injected directly into blast furnaces (without an intermediate coking phase) as a supplementary fuel, which reduces the amount of coke required and therefore costs. PCI coal can also be sold into the thermal coal market.
What type of coal is coking coal?