What is commercial mining? Commercial mining allows the private sector to mine coal commercially without placing any end-use restrictions. The private firms have the option of either gasification of the coal or exporting it. They can also use it in their own end-use plants or sell them in the markets.
What type of mining is used for coal?
About two-thirds of U.S. coal production is from surface mines because surface mining is less expensive than underground mining. Underground mining, sometimes called deep mining, is necessary when the coal is several hundred feet below the surface.
What is the meaning of coal mining?
the act, process, or industry of extracting coal from the earth. Nuclear energy has a better safety record than coal mining. Collins English Dictionary.
What is end use restrictions in coal mining?
The ordinance allows coal mining by any company present in sectors other than steel and power, and does away with the captive end-use criteria. While the move will help create an efficient energy market, usher in competition and reduce coal imports, it may also bring an end to state-run Coal India Ltd’s (CIL) monopoly.
Who owns coal mines in India?
In April 2011, CIL was conferred the Maharatna status by the Union Government of India, making it one of the seven with that status. As of 14 October 2015, CIL is owned primarily by the Union Government of India who controls its operations through the Ministry of Coal.
What are the 3 types of mines?
The three most common types of surface mining are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. See also mining and coal mining.
What are the 2 types of mining coal?
Surface mining and deep underground mining are the two basic methods of mining. The choice of mining method depends primarily on depth, density, overburden, and thickness of the coal seam; seams relatively close to the surface, at depths less than approximately 55 m (180 ft), are usually surface mined.
Who is a coal miner?
Overview. Coal miners extract coal from surface mines and underground mines. To do this, they operate complex and expensive machinery that drills, cuts, scrapes, or shovels earth and coal so that the fuel can be collected.
How does coal mining affect the environment?
The environmental challenges from coal mining include coal mine accidents, land subsidence, damage to the water environment, mining waste disposal and air pollution. These are either environmental pollution or landscape change.
For what coal is used?
Coal is primarily used as fuel to generate electric power in the United States. The coal is burned and the heat given off is used to convert water into steam, which drives a turbine.
Can state govt auction non coal mines?
As per the new mining law — Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015 — which came into effect from January 2015, the non-coal mines have to be auctioned by the respective state governments.
What is end use restrictions?
Of the 204 coal blocks whose allocation was cancelled by the Supreme Court in 2014, only 29 could be auctioned as some of these mines had end-use restrictions – meaning coal produced from them could be used only for the designated captive purpose only and not traded in the market.
Where coal mines are located in India?
Coal deposits are primarily found in eastern and south-central India. Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra accounted for 98.26% of the total known coal reserves in India.
What is the largest coal company?
Which country is largest producer of coal?
Which state is the largest producer of coal?
The top five states in India with the largest coal reserves
- Jharkhand – 83.15 billion tonnes. …
- Odisha – 79.30 billion tonnes. …
- Chhattisgarh – 57 billion tonnes. …
- West Bengal – 31.67 billion tonnes. …
- Madhya Pradesh – 27.99 billion tonnes.