A putter (Northumberland), hurrier (Yorkshire), waggoner or drawer (Lancashire) was the local term for the person who brought empty coal tubs up to the coal face and took loaded tubs to the pit bottom.
What is a Hewer in coal mines?
The Hewer. The hewer’s job was to mine the coal from the coal seam. He would use hand tools such as a sharp pick. The hewer would have to work in an area no taller than the height of the coal seam, which could be less than 60 cm. The hewer would work with a single candle to enable him to see what he was doing.
What is the top of a coal mine called?
Anthracite – A hard, black coal containing a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of volatile matter. Anticline – An arch or fold in layers of rock shaped like the crest of a wave. Apex – The top or terminal edge of a vein on surface or its nearest point to the surface.
What is a colliery dataller?
DATALLER A man employed to do service work in the mine and paid by the day. DELF A Lancashire term to describe a seam of coal e.g. or Ravenhead Main Delf. DOOR See ventilation door. DOWNCAST The main shaft of the colliery up and down which. SHAFT men and materials were wound.
What is the difference between a pit and a colliery?
In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is a ‘pit’, and the above-ground structures are a ‘pit head’. … In the United States, “colliery” has been used to describe a coal mine operation, but this usage is less common.
What is gob coal?
A gob pile is a pile built of accumulated spoil, the waste rock removed during coal mining. This waste material is typically composed of shale, as well as smaller quantities of carboniferous shale and various other residues.
What is sinking a coal pit?
Shaft mining or shaft sinking is excavating a vertical or near-vertical tunnel from the top down, where there is initially no access to the bottom. … Historically mine shaft sinking has been among the most dangerous of all the mining occupations and the preserve of mining contractors called sinkers.
Is coal mining still dangerous?
Coal mining is still dangerous. In 2010, West Virginia had the worst coal mining disaster in the US in 40 years, when an explosion killed 29 people. … That year, 3,242 people died in coal mining accidents. Coal mines have continued to have fires and explosions, killing hundreds of miners over the years.
Why is a mine called a mine?
A mine is an explosive placed underground or underwater that explodes when disturbed, or when remotely triggered. The term originated from the use of mining to go under the enemy’s city walls.
What do you call someone who owns a mine?
A miner is a person who extracts ore, coal, or other mineral from the earth through mining. There are two senses in which the term is used. … In a broader sense, a “miner” is anyone working within a mine, not just a worker at the rock face.
What is a pit deputy?
He can be compared to a supervisor, he was responsible for an area of the pit underground. He would walk the roadways (tunnels to non mining folk) and crawl along the coal face where men were working.
What is a colliery overman?
Overman. The overman is a deputy to the viewer and involved more directly with the daily work of the pit. When a colliery has a number of pits under a viewer, there is an overman to each pit.
How do you find coal in real life?
Coal can be extracted from the earth either by surface mining or underground mining. Once coal has been extracted, it can be used directly (for heating and industrial processes) or to fuel power plants for electricity. If coal is less than 61 meters (200 feet) underground, it can be extracted through surface mining.
Do we use coal?
Coal is primarily used as fuel to generate electric power in the United States. The coal is burned and the heat given off is used to convert water into steam, which drives a turbine.
What country has the largest known coal reserves in the world?