Health Hazards: Coal dust inhalation can cause black lung disease. Miners and those who live in nearby towns are the most affected. Cardiopulmonary disease, hypertension, COPD, and kidney disease are found in higher than normal rates in people who live near coal mines.
What are the negative effects of coal mining?
Emissions from burning coal
Nitrogen oxides (NOx), which contribute to smog and respiratory illnesses. Particulates, which contribute to smog, haze, and respiratory illnesses and lung disease. Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is the primary greenhouse gas produced from burning fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas)
What effect does coal mining have on the environment?
The clearing of trees, plants, and topsoil from mining areas destroys forests and natural wildlife habitats. It also promotes soil erosion and flooding, and stirs up dust pollution that can lead to respiratory problems in nearby communities.
What are some of the social effects of coal mining?
Some studies also show higher rates of miscarriages and stillbirths. Studies from the US, the UK, Russia and Queensland found social injustices associated with coal mining such as environmental degradation, including water pollution and slurry spills.
What are the disadvantages of coal?
The major disadvantage of coal is its negative impact on the environment. Coal-burning energy plants are a major source of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to carbon monoxide and heavy metals like mercury, the use of coal releases sulfur dioxide, a harmful substance linked to acid rain.
Why we should stop using coal?
As of 2010, coal accounted for 43% of global greenhouse gas emissions from fuel combustion. Simply put, to solve the climate crisis we must stop burning coal. Job number one is retiring old coal plants. … Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas, and is the leading cause of global warming.
Why is coal bad for the earth?
Climate change is coal’s most serious, long-term, global impact. Chemically, coal is mostly carbon, which, when burned, reacts with oxygen in the air to produce carbon dioxide, a heat-trapping gas. When released into the atmosphere, carbon dioxide works like a blanket, warming the earth above normal limits.
Does mining pollute the air?
Nationwide, coal mines release a noxious group of harmful air pollutants known to be dangerous and in some cases lethal, including: Methane: Coal mines release 10 percent of all methane emissions in the United States. … Coal mines nationwide release more than 1,790 tons of volatile organic compounds every year.
What is the average lifespan of a coal miner?
The average life expectancy in the coal mines for those starting work at 15 y was found to be 58.91 y and 49.23 y for surface and underground workers respectively. In the coloured/metal mines they were 60.24 y and 56.55 y respectively.
What is the social impact of mining?
Economically, they contribute to government revenue and employ a significant number of people. There are however some social negative impacts associated with mining including violence, child labour, escalation of gender inequalities, health and environmental effects including deforestation and pollution.
How does coal impact the economy?
Coal is America’s most abundant energy resource—making up 90 percent of U.S. fossil energy reserves on a Btu basis. … Coal is essential to the U.S. economy, providing affordable electricity to households, businesses, manufacturing facilities, transportation and communications systems, and services throughout our economy.
What are the impacts of mining on society economy and environment?
Mine exploration, construction, operation, and maintenance may result in land-use change, and may have associated negative impacts on environments, including deforestation, erosion, contamination and alteration of soil profiles, contamination of local streams and wetlands, and an increase in noise level, dust and …
What are 2 advantages of coal?
Advantages of using coal to produce electricity:
- Coal energy is an affordable energy source because of the coal’s stable price compared to other fuel sources.
- Coal is easy to burn.
- Coal produces high energy upon combustion.
- Coal energy is inexpensive.
- Coal is abundant.
- Coal energy is a reliable energy source.
What are the pros and cons of coal?
Advantages of Coal as Power Plant Fuel
- Reliability. One of the greatest advantages of coal fired plants is reliability. …
- Affordability. …
- Abundance. …
- Known technologies. …
- Safety. …
- Greenhouse gas emissions. …
- Mining destruction. …
- Generation of millions of tons of waste.
Which country is rich in coal?