A hot air is blown into the lower section of the furnace, reacts with coke to generate carbon monoxide, which reduces iron ore. Thus, the gas flow distribution has strong influence to efficiency and productivity of blast furnace.
Why Coke is used in blast furnace?
Metallurgical coke, along with iron ore and limestone, is layered into a blast furnace to convert the iron ore to metallic iron. Coke, which is mostly carbon, reacts with the blast air to produce carbon monoxide, which, in turn, reacts with the iron oxide to produce carbon dioxide and metallic iron.
How does a blast furnace work?
In a blast furnace, fuel (coke), ores, and flux (limestone) are continuously supplied through the top of the furnace, while a hot blast of air (sometimes with oxygen enrichment) is blown into the lower section of the furnace through a series of pipes called tuyeres, so that the chemical reactions take place throughout …
What is coke rate in blast furnace?
Coke rate is the parameter for the consumption of BF coke which is measured in kilograms of BF coke consumed per ton of hot metal produced. Blast furnace (BF) coke is a key material for BF ironmaking, acting as a major energy source (fuel), a reductant, a carburization agent and a permeable structural support.
Why flux is used in blast furnace?
Generally, in metallurgy, a flux is used to remove impurities by creating a “slag” which floats on the surface of the liquid metal and which contains the impurities. … Similarly, Blast Furnace slag can be used to replace the “clinker” in the making of cement.
Which is better coal or coke?
Coke is a better fuel because coke produces more heat on burning as compared to coal. Coke has higher calorific value than coal. When equal masses of coke and coal are bunt, coke produces more heat. Also when coke is burnt, smoke is not obtained whereas coal produces smoke on coal.
What is difference between coke and coal?
What is the difference between coal and coke fuel? Coal is a shiny, black fossil fuel that contains impurities, emits smoke when burned, and produces less heat than coke. Coke is a dull, black byproduct of coal that burns hotter and cleaner.
What fuel is used in blast furnace?
The iron blast furnace uses carbon as a fuel to meet the energy requirements of the process as well as a reducing agent for smelting the iron ore to pig iron. The most widespread form of carbon used for this purpose is metallurgical coke.
Is blast furnace slag toxic?
When SSRS compares with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) from iron making, steel slag contains toxic ingredients such as nickel, cadmium, chromium and strontium. These compounds could be harmful not only for environment but also for human health [9,10].
Which reaction is used to keep the furnace hot?
The reaction between oxygen and carbon is exothermic and is responsible for increasing the temperature of the blast furnace.
What is Saleable steel?
SALEABLE STEEL: The term is used to designate various types of solid steel products, which are sold to outside customers for further processing or for direct use/consumption. Therefore, it includes ingots and/or semis and/or finished steel products. (Liquid steel is normally not traded).
What is met coke?
Met coke is used in products where a high quality, tough, resilient carbon is required. Met coke, limestone, and iron ore are mixed together in high temperature furnaces where extreme heat causes the chemical properties to bond, forming iron and steel.
What is the meaning of coke?
distilled to dryness
What is purpose of flux?
The main purpose of the flux is to prepare the metal surfaces for soldering by cleaning and removing any oxides and impurities. Oxides are formed when metal is exposed to air and may prevent the formation of good solder joints.
What can I use instead of flux?
Which is closest to the purest form of the iron?
Wrought Iron is the purest form of iron. It contains 0.12 to 0.25% carbon and is thus the purest form of iron.