Coal tar is a thick dark liquid which is a by-product of the production of coke and coal gas from coal. It has both medical and industrial uses. Medicinally it is a topical medication applied to skin to treat psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff).
What are the uses of coal tar?
Coal tar is used primarily for the production of refined chemicals and coal-tar products, such as creosote and coal-tar pitch. Certain preparations of coal tar have long been used to treat various skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis, and dandruff.
What are the uses of coke?
The most common use of coke is as a fuel for stoves, furnaces and blacksmithing. It is sometimes preferred over coal because burning coke produces very little smoke. It is also used to produce iron in a blast furnace. Coke is used to manufacture steel and many other materials.
What is coal tar What are its uses Class 8?
Coal tar. It is a black, thick liquid with unpleasant smell. … Products obtained from coal tar are used as starting materials for manufacturing various substances used in everyday life and in industry, like synthetic dyes, drugs, explosives, perfumes, plastics, paints, photographic materials, roofing materials, etc.
What is coal tar write any two uses?
Uses of Coal tar
Coal tar is used as the medication to heal itching, scaling, and flaking due skin conditions. It is also used in making medicated shampoo to treat dandruff and to kill lice. Soaps are made from coal tar. … Manufacture paints, synthetic dyes, and photographic materials contain coal tar.
What are the side effects of coal tar?
Coal Tar Cream Side Effects by Likelihood and Severity
- A Skin Rash.
- Inflammation Of A Hair Follicle.
- Skin Inflammation Due To A Topically Applied Medication.
- Skin Irritation.
Why is coal tar good for skin?
Coal tar belongs to a class of drugs known as keratoplastics. It works by causing the skin to shed dead cells from its top layer and slow down the growth of skin cells. This effect decreases scaling and dryness. Coal tar can also decrease itchiness from these skin conditions.
What are characteristics of coke?
Characteristics of Coke:
- It is an almost pure form of carbon.
- It is a tough, black and porous substance.
- It is made by heating coal in the absence of air.
- It burns without producing any smoke.
What is Coke vs coal?
By distilling bituminous coal in retorts to obtain gas for illumination, or by burning it in kilns or pits, the residue left behind is called coke, which is simply coal charcoal, and is nearly pure carbon.
What is hard coke?
Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. … The carbon monoxide produced by its combustion reduces iron oxide (hematite) in the production of the iron product.
What are the 3 types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
Why Coke is not used as fuel?
The term means a product similar to coal and mined the same way. Coal is cheaper and that is why it is used more often. … Coke is cleaner and other methods should be looked into before coal and oil run out.
How is coal tar formed?
Coal tar is obtained by cooling the gas that is formed during the destructive distillation of coal to approximately ambient temperature. It is a black, viscous liquid composed primarily of a complex mixture of condensed-ring aromatic hydrocarbons.
Is coal tar safe for skin?
Coal Tar is monographed by the FDA as Category I (safe and effective) OTC drug ingredient for use in the treatment of dandruff, seborrhoea, and psoriasis. Coal Tar is absorbed through the skin of animals and humans and is systemically distributed.
Is coal tar bad for your skin?
Tar can stay on your skin for 24 hours or longer, and your chances of sun damage go up during that time. If you have blond or other light-colored hair, shampoo with coal tar could make it darker. Treatments with coal tar also can stain clothes or skin. Some people don’t like the way coal tar shampoos smell.
Is coal tar an antifungal?
Coal tar is used in medicated shampoo, soap and ointment. It demonstrates antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-itch, and antiparasitic properties. It may be applied topically as a treatment for dandruff and psoriasis, and to kill and repel head lice.