As per the new mining law — Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015 — which came into effect from January 2015, the non-coal mines have to be auctioned by the respective state governments.
How many coal blocks have been auctioned?
41 coal blocks
What is end use restrictions in coal mining?
The ordinance allows coal mining by any company present in sectors other than steel and power, and does away with the captive end-use criteria. While the move will help create an efficient energy market, usher in competition and reduce coal imports, it may also bring an end to state-run Coal India Ltd’s (CIL) monopoly.
Does Tennessee have coal mines?
Tennessee’s coal production is small but generally high quality. All present production is bituminous coal from the Cumberland Plateau and Cumberland Mountains regions. There is a sizable reserve of lignite in West Tennessee, more than a billion tons, but as yet there has been no mining.
Why abandoned mines post problems?
With coal production at its lowest level in 30 years, abandoned mines around the country are causing major environmental problems. They can catch fire, and debris from them can contaminate the water supply.
Who is a coal miner?
Overview. Coal miners extract coal from surface mines and underground mines. To do this, they operate complex and expensive machinery that drills, cuts, scrapes, or shovels earth and coal so that the fuel can be collected.
Do coal blocks burn?
For larger jobs, a single lava bucket or a block of coal can burn more items than can fit in the furnace—both input and output are limited to a stack of 64, but a block of coal burns 80 items, and lava can burn 100 items.
What is end use restrictions?
Of the 204 coal blocks whose allocation was cancelled by the Supreme Court in 2014, only 29 could be auctioned as some of these mines had end-use restrictions – meaning coal produced from them could be used only for the designated captive purpose only and not traded in the market.
Who owns coal mines in India?
In April 2011, CIL was conferred the Maharatna status by the Union Government of India, making it one of the seven with that status. As of 14 October 2015, CIL is owned primarily by the Union Government of India who controls its operations through the Ministry of Coal.
What are captive mines?
A mine that produces coal or mineral for use by the same company.
Is there gold in Tennessee creeks?
Bring Home The Gold! … Most of the gold in Tennessee is found in a small area in the southeastern part of the state in the Coker Creek gold belt, which lies in the Cherokee National Forest. Coker Creek and the Tellico River are the best-known areas for gold prospecting as there are numerous placer deposits and mines.
Are diamonds found in Tennessee?
The world’s largest diamond has been discovered hidden deep below the Tennessee mountains in a remote area of Warren County located on the Cumberland Plateau. … The diamond, ‘Cumberland Caverns Live,’ symbolizes the magnificence of growth and hidden treasures 333′ below the surface.
What minerals are found in Tennessee?
Limestone and dolomite, bituminous coal, lead, zinc, ball clay, sand and gravel, phosphate, fuller’s earth, petroleum, common clay and shale, barite and fluorite, marble, sandstone, copper, iron, gold, manganese, mica, tripoli, celestite, bauxite, granite, slate, and bentonite are among the products that have been …
How many abandoned mines are there?
There are approximately 500,000 abandoned hardrock mines in the United States, with an estimated cleanup cost as high as $54 billion.
Which gas can cause death in closed mine?
Black Damp – Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Black damp is the mining term for the suffocating mixture of carbon dioxide and other unbreathable gases that can build-up in mines causing poisoning, asphyxiation, and ultimately death if left untreated.
How do abandoned mines affect the environment?
Many surface and underground abandoned mines, and their associated spoil and refuse piles, provide an ongoing source of acid mine drainage and toxic heavy metals that can have long-term devastating impacts on ground water, community water supplies, rivers, streams, and aquatic life.