Metallurgical coal contrasts with thermal coal, which does not produce coke when heated. Because of their different end-uses, prices for the two types of coal are usually quite different. Metallurgical coal comes mainly from Canada, the United States, and Australia.
Where is coking coal used?
Coking coal – also known as metallurgical coal – is mainly used in steel production.
How is coking coal produced?
The coking process consists of heating coking coal to around 1000-1100ºC in the absence of oxygen to drive off the volatile compounds (pyrolysis). This process results in a hard porous material – coke. Coke is produced in a coke battery, which is composed of many coke ovens stacked in rows into which coal is loaded.
What is the difference between coking coal and non coking coal?
A non-caking coal is that coal which on heating in absence of air doesn’t from a coherent mass of residue. … A coking coal is that coal which on heating in absence of air leaves a solid residue. A non-coking coal also leaves a solid coherent residue which may not possess the physical & chemical properties of the coke.
What is prime coking coal?
A coking coal is quite simply a coal that, when heated in the absence of air, will melt vesiculate and harden into a spongelike mass of almost pure carbon.
What is Coke vs coal?
By distilling bituminous coal in retorts to obtain gas for illumination, or by burning it in kilns or pits, the residue left behind is called coke, which is simply coal charcoal, and is nearly pure carbon.
What is the name for the highest rank coal?
Anthracite. Anthracite is the highest rank coal. It is a black, shiny, hard rock and is not friable. It is low in volatile matter and this makes it difficult to burn in rotary kilns.
Why is Coke used instead of coal?
Since smoke-producing constituents are driven off during the coking of coal, coke forms a desirable fuel for stoves and furnaces in which conditions are not suitable for the complete burning of bituminous coal itself. Coke may be combusted producing little or no smoke, while bituminous coal would produce much smoke.
Can steel be made without using coal?
Now, nearly all new steel globally is produced using iron oxide and coking coal. Coking coal is usually bituminous-rank coal with special qualities that are needed in the blast furnace. While an increasing amount of steel is being recycled, there is currently no technology to make steel at scale without using coal.
Which coal has no caking power?
Non Coking Coal does not have any caking properties and it is mainly used as thermal coal for power generation. It has a higher ash content and also used in industries like cement, fertilizer, glass, ceramic, paper, chemical and brick manufacturing.
What are the 4 grades of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite.
What is Pearl Coke?
The pearl coke we supply is made form quality natural coal and is very rigid in nature. It is effective in its performance and is commonly used in industries such as ferro alloys, foundry works, non ferrous foundry, etc. The range of PEARL Coke Specifications we deal in are: Size: • Sulphur: 1.5-2.5%
What’s the difference between thermal and coking coal?
Thermal coal, also called steaming coal, has a lower energy content and higher moisture and is used to generate electricity. Metallurgical or coking coal has a higher energy content and lower moisture and is used to make iron, steel and other metals.
What is CSR and CRI of coke?
The percentage weight loss is known as the reactivity (CRI). The reacted coke is placed in an I-type drum (no lifters) and subjected to 600 revolutions in 30 minutes. The percent of carbon material removed from the drum that is +10 mm is known as the coke strength after reaction (CSR).
Why is Coke preferred to coal in metallurgical process?
Coke is used as a fuel and a reducing agent in melting iron ore. It is produced by baking coal until it becomes carbon by burning off impurities without burning up the coal itself. When coke is consumed it generates intense heat but little smoke, making it ideal for smelting iron and steel.
Why is coking coal used in steel production?
Coking coal is a key raw material in steel production. As iron occurs only as iron oxides in the earth’s crust, the ores must be converted, or ‘reduced’, using carbon. The primary source of this carbon is coking coal. … Coke reduces iron ore to molten iron saturated with carbon, called hot metal.